A Law and Economics Approach to the New European Antitrust Enforcing Rules
Pietro Manzini, University of Bologna Giacomo di Federico, University of Bologna
The adoption of Regulation No. 1/2003 raises some questions as to the effectiveness of the EC antitrust enforcement rules. Different criteria may be used to ascertain whether the new regulation actually improves the current application of Articles 81 and 82 of the Treaty. To this end an assessment was carried out on the basis of two main parameters. The first concerns whether and when it is more satisfactory for the competent public authority to intervene (before or after the anticompetitive behavior as occurred). The second, regards who is in the best position to provide the public uthorities with the relevant information regarding illegitimate conduct (private arties or public agents). The results of the analysis conducted seem to indicate that he reform will prove to be more efficient than the system set up by Regulation No. 7/62, although the passage from an ex ante to an ex post regime might entail some dditional costs both for the undertakings under investigation and for the public uthorities responsible for the correct and uniform implementation of EC antitrust law.
JEL Classification: K21; L40; K42
Keywords: Regulation 17/62; Regulation 1/2003; Reform of EU competition law; EC antitrust enforcement rules